Wireless Body Area Networks for Health Monitoring
Recent technological advances in sensors, low-power microelectronics and miniaturization, and wireless networking enabled the design and proliferation of wireless sensor networks capable of autonomously monitoring and controlling environments. One of the most promising applications of sensor networks is for human health monitoring. A number of tiny wireless sensors, strategically placed on the human body, create a wireless body area network that can monitor various vital signs, providing real-time feedback to the user and medical personnel. The wireless body area networks promise to revolutionize healthcare services and address the imminent crisis in healthcare systems due to current demographic and economic trends.
The first figure below illustrates our concept of wireless body area networks for health monitoring and appeared in our paper "A Wireless Body Area Network of Intelligent Motion Sensors for Computer Assisted Physical Rehabilitation," published in the Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. This paper is the most read paper in this journal of all time (Click here for the rankings). The paper "Wireless sensor networks for personal health monitoring: Issues and an implementation" published in Computer Communication journal discusses system issues and opportunities. It was consistently ranked among Top 25 Hottest articles in Computer Communications journal. The figure in the middle shows signals collected on our early prototype from an ECG sensor and an accelerometer-based motion sensor; the signals are augmented with events (detected on sensors) and corresponding TinyOS messages (it was me walking with the ECG sensor and a motion sensor on my knee). The last picture shows our early prototype from 2004.
WBAN Systems and Applications: [JNER'05]
Time Synchronization: [IEEE.SSST'05a]
Security and Interoperability: [IEEE.EMSB'05a]
Power Measurements & Optimizations: [IEEE.SSST'b]